The research hypothesis is therefore accepted that, Asian people will have got a better knowledge of typically the Asian tsunami because they have a schema of the Asian culture and platform. Discussion Validity As this is a psychology experiment the possibilities for complete accuracy in proportions are hard to gain as it is very hard to measure something psychological. In the study, questionnaires have been utilized.
This may possibly have problems such as some people may lie in questionnaires. They may likewise have problems such like forced answers that may not necessarily relate to the response that they need. Another problem that might arise by using forms as a form associated with study apparatus is of which they may have concerns which can be biased or questioned in a provoking manner plus some questions may not really cover all facets of the particular subject. Other problems that may arise are activities such as some participants may attempt to guess the answers for the questions.
The issues with the independent variable are that in the particular two conditions, the males and females may not necessarily be a representation of the group that is being studied. They may be a biased test. A wrong type associated with person may have already been put into the misguided category and so deceptive the study as well as results. It may not become measuring the effectiveness of the schema because it will depend on the amount of which the participant knows regarding the tsunami disaster. Some of the questions are not valid measures associated with schema, as schema might not help with the particular answers. E. g.: level on the Richter scale.
Some Asians might have been born in this country and not even went to the Parts of asia that usually are involved therefore the schema would not be any better than that of non- Asians. Since this is a new very general test that involves a generalisation of Asians or non- Asians this may mean that it is usually not a valid measure for all people simply because not all Asians will know more about the Hard anodized cookware tsunami or not just about all non-Asians will know fewer. The motivations behind Hard anodized cookware people and non-Asians may possibly vary in that Asians individuals may have a drive that may push all of them further and they may feel that they should know more about the catastrophe.
Improving validity The validity can be improved by focusing on the problems and sorting these people out. There are several points that just may possibly not be capable of being increased upon as they will be uncontrollable variables. The forms can be placed in addition to given to the individuals in such a way that they can end up being completely anonymous. This might help keep the validity of the answers that are gained to end up being good. To try in addition to keep your participants from guessing the answers the concerns should good enough thus that they cannot end up being guessed.
Because some participants may feel that they want to impress the studier or even have self esteem. This can be sorted out by using very anonymous methods of studying. E. g.: getting a box to set in the filled found in questionnaires rather than giving it back personally in order to the studier. The questions should be written cautiously in order that it may not prejudice the way the participator is going to consider or place the answer straight down. This will enable these people to give a great idea of how they are going to answer typically the question. An alternative for the participants to put lower any alternative answers need to be given as this will lower the individuals being forced to pick a response that may not relate to what they want.
Although it is incredibly difficult to measure in addition to control the participant’ s information about the tsunami since it was very key news at the time and came to influence everyone on the level associated with impact. A solution for this can be that people who know a specific amount about the catastrophe should be tested on, but this is a very hard and impractical method of solving this specific problem. To make sure that the valid types of Asians and non- Asians are used, we’re able to set certain rules to the type of participants selected. i. e.: The Asians would need to be chosen therefore that the people selected are from the places affected and have shared a home there for at minimum one year or went to the place at least two times etc…
Reliability of outcomes
The stability of the results depends on the trust of the individuals who have provided the particular answers. By looking on the method used for this study which is questionnaires there may be some problems such as the moods of people doing the questionnaires they maybe within a particular mood which often formulates them to provide with certain answers. Typically the time of day of which the questionnaire was completed could have some result, if they were hectic while doing the customer survey or these were distracted by simply some other external trigger may affect the method the questionnaire was solved and the answers wherever provide. If they have been very busy it could have affected their storage and could not answer something if otherwise they could have easily answered. Other items that may affect the participants directly maybe points such as the individual being tired, hungry or perhaps bored this may influence the way the individual will answer the concerns.
The individuals may know the dimensions of the researchers thus they may behave differently towards the researcher to fit the way the specialist might such as the results in order to turn out to end up being. As there exists only the small number of people that are increasingly being researched that may not give good enough reliable results to give reliable averages. As opportunistic sampling was used that may have some tendency such as researchers heading for certain types of people or going for folks they may know. It has no real system associated with finding the participants and so it cannot be replicated. About a different day at this time there maybe different categories of folks that may be selected and therefore giving a different range of results.
The controls of situation also impact the research, if there were 2 researchers carrying out the particular study this might affect the results as two experts might trust individuals in different ways. The way in which the researchers treat typically the participants may be different. Typically the way in which typically the questions are asked or even directed at them could also affect the way the answers are gained. There could be a standard procedure that will is set, but might be followed differently by simply different researchers. There are also situational factors such as when the participants where with a group of friends which may affect the way the individual answers the questions since they want to impress their friends etc…
Improvement for stability
To improve the reliability of the particular study the participants picked should be chosen fairly and unbiased. They should be selected so that they can be reliable to offer truthful answers. The teams chosen should have the variety of people that represent the group which is being studied and this should be kept constant throughout the each person in the group of which are being studied. The particular questionnaire should be completed for all people around typically the same time settings i. e.: at lunch where there are lots regarding people around or stuck in a job free period when you can find number of people around. This need to help in keeping the setting for the study constant.
It may not be done when the participant is busy as this may affect the way they answer. If there are any external factors such as high in volume noises affecting the participant this should be avoided simply by making them do the questionnaire in another environment which may not impact the way they answer. The researcher should ensure that they choose participants which could not be tired or busy or any reasons such as those who might cause them to answer unreliably.
The particular participants should be picked so that they do not know the researcher as this specific would avoid the portion of error that may occur. If they do know for sure the researcher they should be reliable and not biased. If there is usually sufficient time a larger trial should be used thus that a more dependable average can be attained as if small numbers are used it might be slightly biased inside one way or typically the other. A set technique of sampling can be used so that there is a real approach to sampling thus that it can end up being repeated and the same kind of answers will be obtained. i. electronic.: using the same individuals to do the test once more.
The research could have been accomplished by one researcher alone or having a set process which will enable the similar type of research processes to be done on every participant. If there are any significant situational factors such because a large number of buddies and situations where the participator may be distracted this would also be reduced like it may impact the replies. Implications of the study From the study, the results show there is a distinction in the understanding of the Asian tsunami, in between Asians and non-Asians.
The Asians are likely to know more about the event than what the non-Asians knew. This could end up being due to many aspects. The main one appearing that the Asians might know more about their particular culture and it’ t surrounding and so will certainly know more and understand more about where and exactly how the particular Asian tsunami has occurred. They might have a new greater interest in the incident and could decide in order to want to find away more about the study. Typically the places could be a thing that they could relate to be able to more and so that they understand how to picture typically the incident better.
This really is similar to the particular studies that where investigated in the introduction. The particular War of the Ghosting showed that people could not remember as much as they will could in detail regarding a few of the Native American particulars, but they could remember highlights that they could personally connect to and understand. So a canoe would turn out to be a boat. This corelates to the Asian tsunami study in ways which usually show that people may understand more about the Asian tsunami since it occurred within an Asian surrounding and a place where there are things which Asians can relate to better compared to non-Asians could.
The non-Asians are just like typically the participants in the war of the ghosts. They will can relate with the incident by adapting it to their own understanding. This specific does mean that they will would not understand typically the scale of the situations as if it got occurred in a non-Asian surrounding it would end up being different and that would end up being how they would end up being seeking to relate it to. The size of devastations might be different and because the particular infrastructure of the nations around the world in the more produced countries would be different the way everything is treated with would be diverse and that might be how the non-Asians might presume in order to happen.
Generalization and application The finding out of this experiment is applicable in order to everyone. As everyone belongs to some culture in addition to everyone has been raised with different schemas in addition to ways of life. They will be prone to knowing better if something happens in their environment than whether it happens in another cultures environment. So even objective news items through around the world is going to be understood and remembered much better by some people compared to others. This may not necessarily sometimes apply at people of which come from mixed cultures or some that may have a good and widespread understanding of all cultures and how this works. This will help people to understand that sometimes that is easier for one person to understand about a subject better than what someone else could understand it.