Research work is the work of a scientific nature related to scientific search, research, experiments in order to expand existing and obtain new knowledge, test scientific hypotheses, establish laws, scientific generalizations, and justifications.
Research work is independent, and often, together with the supervisor, the study of the student, revealing his knowledge and the ability to apply them to solve specific practical problems. The work should be logically completed and demonstrate the ability of the student to clearly Express their thoughts, argue proposals and use terminology competently. Of course, this work is much easier than the work of real scientists. But the structure, the methods used, the planning system – this is a real study.
Research work is not an abstract or an article of one of the specialists downloaded from the Internet. This is an opportunity to conduct independent research and apply a scientific approach to obtain results, to apply practical skills or acquire new ones to solve the tasks, to show skills in planning their work and analyzing the results.
The knowledge gained in the course of the study, obtained by their work, remembered much better. The method, when a student and a teacher pose questions, which were put by the discoverers of the laws in various Sciences, and together seek answers – more captivates students and forms a desire to continue to engage in scientific activities.
Tasks of research work
According to the FSES (Federal state educational standard) research work is a mandatory part of the graduate training. As a result of this work, the student must show the ability to plan their activities, to take the initiative, to adhere to the research question, to analyze the progress of their work and evaluate the results, to use specialized terminology, to reflect the results of their (individual) research.
Stages of research work
Stages of research:
1. Choice of research direction
2. Choosing a research topic
3. Formulation of the hypothesis
4. Planning stages of work
5. Collection of data on the subject of the study
6. Realization of research
7. Evaluation of results
8. Registration of work
Choice of research direction and choice of research topic
Work on the study begins with a desire to deal with this issue. It is necessary to understand what the study will be about, to realize their strengths as a researcher in the chosen direction, whether it will benefit in future activities. A good topic for research work is the one that is interesting for you and your supervisor. Formulate the theme correctly. A theme must be correct, a narrow, clear.
For students in educational institutions of General education, a successful educational study may be a repetition of someone else’s experiment, analysis techniques, application of the method in a new environment, compare the techniques of various experts and others together with a deep analysis of the literature on a chosen topic.
For students in educational institutions of secondary vocational education and higher education, an important factor is the novelty of the study, its relevance.
Formulation of the hypothesis
Formulate a scientific assumption that requires verification and theoretical justification or confirmation. The key research hypothesis should follow from the formulation of the research topic.
Planning stages of work
Make a detailed and structured plan of your work for a consistent movement towards the goal of the study. This will help to organize their work and make it more purposeful. In addition, it disciplines and makes you work at a certain rhythm.
Collection of data on the subject of the study
Determine how you will receive the data. There are two methods – empirical and research on secondary sources. Empirical – obtaining data through observations and experiments. Research on secondary sources – speculative conclusion, review and in-depth analysis of the literature.
Realization of research
Proceed to the study in accordance with the chosen research method. At this stage, the work collects the necessary empirical data to test the hypothesis.
Evaluation of results
Completion of the study. You have gained knowledge about how the object of study is arranged, what it is, what is different from something else that is not explored further, what can be continued.
The main criterion for the effectiveness of the work done for students in educational institutions of General education is the level of development of research skills. For students in educational institutions of secondary vocational education and higher education such a criterion is the scientific novelty and practical significance.
Writing the work text
To write the text, you can use the laws of artistic creativity from Mark TWAIN’s article ” literary sins of Fenimore Cooper»:
“The author must:
12. say what he wants to say, not limited to vague hints,
13. find the right word, not his second cousin,
14. to prevent excessive piling up of facts,
15. do not omit important details,
16. avoid long lengths,
17. don’t make grammatical mistakes,
18. write in plain and simple language.”
Structure of research work
The structure of the work can be presented as follows:
1. Title page
2. Abstract (what is done, what is new obtained)
3. The contents (title of chapters and sections with page numbers)
4. Introduction (designation of the problem, relevance, practical significance of the study; the object and subject of the study are determined; the purpose and objectives of the study; methods of work are briefly listed)
5. Chapters of the main part, including the research part (analysis of scientific literature; selection of certain methods and specific research methods; research procedure and its stages)
6. Conclusions (interpretation of the results)
7. Conclusion (a brief overview of the study)
8. List of references
9. Applications (tables, graphs, reference books, etc.))
Protection of the work and the text of the speech
Protection of research works is carried out at thematic conferences. Usually 10 minutes are given for the performance, so you need to speak with a clock in your hands. But it is recommended to pronounce it by ear, not to yourself. This helps to structure the text and understand what is not said in the speech.
The text of the statement should not go into detail. In 10 minutes you will never be able to tell any details. It is necessary to state the main results. Everything you say should be explained, but don’t touch on things that everyone already knows. Be ready to answer the questions of the expert jury and other participants of the conference.